The causes of infertility vary and are related to health issues faced by both sexes.Sometimes infertility is inexplicable. However, its first symptom is the inability to achieve pregnancy. If, after a year of unprotected sex (six months, if the woman is older than 35) the couple has not reached conception, we consider that they should seek professional help.
In women,menstrual and ovulation problems may be related to conditions that affect fertility. Relevant symptoms that you should report to your doctor are:
- Menstrual irregularities, for example very increased or very little blood loss
- Irregular periods or amenorrhea. Sudden cessation of menstruation
- Pain during the period. Pain in the waist, pelvis and / or period cramps
Female infertility can also be associated with hormonal disorders. Symptoms may include skin changes, acne, changes in libido, facial hair growth, hair loss or thinning, weight gain.
Other symptoms or disorders related to infertility may include:
- Pain during sex
- Secretion of white fluid from the breast nipples
In men, the symptoms associated with infertility are more vague. These include:
- Changes in hair growth
- Changes in sexual desire
- Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicles
- Erection and ejaculation problems
- Small testicle size
At your first appointment with your doctor, you will discuss, among other things, issues related to your medical history, personal and family, and your lifestyle. It is helpful to prepare by noting:
- If you are taking medication, with or without a prescription
- If you are taking dietary supplements and what kind
- How often do you have unprotected sex and for how long have you been trying to conceive?
- Possible changes in your body
- Surgeries in the past and when they were performed, especially if they are related to the reproductive system.
- If you have had radiation or chemotherapy
- If you smoke and how much, if you drink alcohol and in what quantity and if you use other substances
- The history of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, if any
- Chronic diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid disorders