“What do I need to know about back pain?”
Back pain is a common phenomenon during pregnancy. Especially in the last trimester of pregnancy, three in four women complain of some form of back pain. In some cases, the pain is intense, making it difficult for daily activities or even for the pregnant woman to rest.
What causes back pain
The most common cause is the pressure on the back muscles. As pregnancy progresses, the body’s center of gravity changes and most women lean back, trying to find a more comfortable posture. So, the muscles that support the waist and back are forced to “work” constantly, while the abdomen stretches and relaxes, exacerbating the symptoms. Other possible causes are related to organ dysfunctions such as the intestine or hormonal changes that prepare the body for childbirth: pelvic ligaments relax to make it easier for the baby to pass. However, as they move more easily, they are likely to cause back pain.
How do I prevent back pain?
Watch how you stand, how you sit, and how you move. The following tips will help you:
- Maintain normal body weight.
- Avoid too soft a mattress on your bed.
- Try to sleep on the side, with a pillow between your knees.
- Make sure your seat supports your waist. If necessary, place a small pillow behind the waist.
- If it is necessary to stand upright for a long time, put one foot on a slightly raised object, such as a stair or a stool.
- Try wearing low-heeled shoes – but not flat ones. The bottom of the shoe must be designed in such a way so that it supports the arch of the foot.
- Seek help if you need to lift heavy objects.
- Do not bend your waist to lift an object. Prefer to take a deep seat, keeping your waist straight.
How will I relieve back pain?
- Try a hot or cold patch on the affected area. Lightweight massages can also help.
- Some strengthening exercises can also be effective. Strengthening and stretching your waist and leg muscles will improve your posture. In addition to relieving pain, it will help prepare the body for childbirth.
- Swim or walk! Both of these forms of exercise do good in your back while they are safe during pregnancy.
In any case, consult your obstetrician. If the pain is particularly acute and persists for a long period of time, it may be related to another health problem. Your doctor will help you deal with it.