On the same morning that the egg is collected from the woman, the husband / partner delivers a sperm sample to the laboratory. The best method of collection is masturbation. The whole procedure is done in a specially designed space in the IVF unit, which meets all the requirements of hygiene and discretion. It is important to have 2-5 days abstinence from any sexual act. The sperm sample is processed to collect the most mobile and morphologically normal spermatozoa in a small volume of culture material.
EJACULATION PROBLEMS, AZOOSPERMIA, SPERM SURGERY
In cases where ejaculation is reciprocal, the semen is collected from the urine after special preparation. In the absence of an ejaculate product, which is often observed in people with spinal cord injuries, diabetes mellitus or may be due to various neurological causes, the semen is taken with the help of a special electrostimulator device.
Azoospermia & Sperm Surgery
Azoospermia is the absence of spermatozoa from the ejaculation product. Azoospermia is divided into obstructive and non-obstructive. In cases of obstructive azoospermia there is normal production of spermatozoa by the testes, but they do not appear in the ejaculation product due to some obstruction of the seminal tracts. In non-obstructive azoospermia no spermatozoa are produced by the testes. The etiology may be inflammation, injury, or congenital deficiency of the spermatic pores in obstructive azoospermia, whereas non-obstruction may be due to cryptorchidism, trauma, inflammation, infectious diseases, radiation, chemotherapy or chromosomal – genomic abnormalities.
In these cases, sperm can be surgically removed from the testes either by needle aspiration or by open biopsy of the testes, under general anesthesia.