This is the procedure by which the sperm is inserted into the uterus with the aid of a thin catheter and can be performed either in a completely natural cycle or in the event of ovulation induction with drugs (orally or injectable).
Basically, the egg is monitored by ultrasound and hormone tests during the cycle to determine the likely date for ovulation. On that day, the partner gives a sample of semen, which is processed on special machines to improve it. A few hours later the processed semen is placed in the uterus.
The procedure is painless, requires no sedation and does not need any restriction of women’s activities that day or the next.
Intra-uterine insemination is a simple and relatively inexpensive method that is advisable:
-when the semen is moderate, so improving it with processing can lead to pregnancy
-in high-grade ovulation, where medication was administered to induce ovulation
-in cases of sexual dysfunction
The basic prerequisites for choosing this method are on the one hand the fallopian tubes to be passable and without pathology, on the other hand the age of the woman to allow the “loss” of time.
The chances of getting pregnant with this method are not much higher than the rates of natural conception. For this reason, on the one hand it should be done in cases with appropriate indications, on the other hand, the couple should be fully informed so that they may not be psychologically tired if they need to undergo IVF.